It seems there is a 30-40% performance degradation of PersistentHashMap.valAt(...) in Clojure 1.4.
Possibly due to references to new CPU-hungry implementation of Util.hasheq(...).
I have created a demo project with more details and some profiling information here:
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.7.0_04-b21)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 23.0-b21, mixed mode)